To show that elimination of a urethral catheter in ureterorenoscopic lithotripsy cases is not disadvantageous.Methods
We reviewed 164 non-catheterized patients (experimental group) and 656 catheterized patients (control group) with renal or ureteral stones treated at our institution. Inclusion criteria were initial operation, patient age 18 to 75?years, no dysuria, and no preoperative febrile urinary tract infection due to calculi. The primary areas of evaluation were patient background, stone characteristics, perioperative factors, and postoperative evaluation results.Results
The proportion of women was significantly lower (24.4% vs 37.2%; P?=?0.01) and the proportion of multiple stone cases was significantly higher (34.9% vs 19.2%; P?<?0.001) in the experimental as compared to the control group, while there were no significant differences for patient background or stone characteristics. The percentages of short-term preoperative stent insertion (72.0% vs 33.0%; P?=?0.009) and negative preoperative urine culture cases (58.0% vs 23.0%; P?<?0.001) were significantly higher in the experimental than in the control group, with no differences regarding other perioperative factors. There was no significant difference for complete stone clearance rate between the groups (P?=?0.339), while only one patient underwent re-catheterization and there were no cases of urinary retention. Interestingly, the rate of postoperative febrile urinary tract infection was significantly lower (P?=?0.024) in the experimental (5.7%) than in the control (9.0%) group.Conclusion
Postoperative urethral catheterization can be eliminated in low-risk ureterorenoscopic lithotripsy cases, although additional studies are needed.