Mirabegron for treatment of erectile dysfunction concomitant with lower urinary tract symptoms in patients with benign prostatic obstruction: A randomized controlled trial

Objective

To assess the efficacy of mirabegron in the treatment of erectile dysfunction concomitant with lower urinary tract symptoms in benign prostatic obstruction patients.

Methods

In this randomized controlled trial, 55 sexually active lower urinary tract symptoms/benign prostatic obstruction patients with concomitant erectile dysfunction were randomly allocated in two groups: the first received mirabegron 50?mg plus doxazosin 2?mg once daily (mirabegron group) and the second received tolterodine 4?mg plus doxazosin 2?mg (tolterodine group) for 12?weeks. The evaluation was based on the International Index of Erectile Function questionnaire, Erection Hardness Score questionnaire, International Prostate Symptom Score, quality of life, uroflowmetry and post-voiding residual. The therapeutic outcomes were assessed at 4 and 12?weeks compared with the baseline.

Results

Only the mirabegron group achieved significant improvement in sexual functions after 4 and 12?weeks. By using ?5 points difference from the baseline as a cut-off point of change, there was a significant difference in change of direction of the International Index of Erectile Function-15 total score in favor of the mirabegron group; after 12?weeks, the International Index of Erectile Function-15 total score decreased in 0%, was unchanged in 8.3% and improved in 91.7% in the mirabegron group compared with 8.7%, 65.2% and 26.1%, respectively, in the tolterodine group (P?<?0.001). Regarding the urinary characteristics, both groups showed significant improvement in the International Prostate Symptom Score, quality of life, and post-voiding residual after 4 and 12?weeks, with no significant difference among them.

Conclusion

Mirabegron improves urinary characteristics and the associated sexual dysfunction in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms/benign prostatic obstruction.