Preoperative factors affecting the operative outcomes of laparoscopic nephrectomy


Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy is the standard surgery for localized renal cell carcinoma. Both tumor and patient factors affect the difficulty of laparoscopic radical nephrectomy. Obesity is a major factor influencing technical difficulty in surgical procedures. This study examined preoperative tumor and patient factors affecting the operating time.


The data of 123 patients who underwent laparoscopic radical nephrectomy at our institution between January 2014 and December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The operating time was determined based on the median pneumoperitoneum time. Surgical procedures with a pneumoperitoneum time of ?130?min were defined as having prolonged pneumoperitoneum time. Multiple logistic regression analyses were performed to identify the preoperative factors affecting the prolonged pneumoperitoneum time, and risk stratification was performed based on these factors.


Multiple logistic regression analyses revealed that a total number of renal pedicle blood vessels ?3 and a visceral fat volume ?3000?cm3 were associated with prolonged pneumoperitoneum time of laparoscopic radical nephrectomy. Based on the multivariate analysis results, these factors were considered individually, and the cohort was stratified into three risk groups: low (0 point), intermediate (1 point), and high (2 points) risk groups. The pneumoperitoneum time was significantly prolonged as the number of risk factors increased.


We developed a risk stratification model using preoperative factors to predict the prolonged pneumoperitoneum time of laparoscopic radical nephrectomy, which can help select suitable cases that are appropriate for each surgeon's skill level.