Lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) is common in patients with chronic brain disorders. This study investigated the video-urodynamic study (VUDS) findings of LUTD in patients with chronic brain disorders, including cerebrovascular accident (CVA), Parkinson's disease (PD), and early dementia.Methods
A total of 169 patients with a history of chronic brain disorders, including 84 with CVA, 55 with PD, and 30 with early dementia were enrolled. All patients had a comprehensive chart review, including brain disorder subtype, the period from diagnosis to VUDS, the VUDS parameters, and final LUTD.Results
The mean age of patients was 69.2?±?10.5 years, and the interval from brain insult to VUDS was 61.3?±?49.7 months. Urodynamic detrusor overactivity (DO) was noted in 73.4% of patients, detrusor underactivity in 10.1%, and detrusor overactivity with detrusor underactivity in 16.6%. Bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) was noted in 60.9% of patients, including bladder neck dysfunction in 21.3%, urethral sphincter dysfunction in 42%, and prostatic obstruction in 10.1% of male patients. Urethral sphincter dysfunction was noted in 60% of patients with PD, 32.1% with CVA, and 36.7% with dementia (p?=?0.004). A low mean maximum flow rate increased post-void residual volume, and poor voiding efficiency was common in these patients, without significant differences among the subgroups.Conclusions
Real-world VUDSs revealed that patients with chronic brain disorders not only had a high prevalence of DO but also impaired bladder contractility and a high rate of BOO at the level above the bladder neck and urethral sphincter.