Video?urodynamic characteristics of lower urinary tract dysfunctions in patients with chronic brain disorders

AbstractAims

Lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) is common in patients with chronic brain disorders. This study investigated the video-urodynamic study (VUDS) findings of LUTD in patients with chronic brain disorders, including cerebrovascular accident (CVA), Parkinson's disease (PD), and early dementia.

Methods

A total of 169 patients with a history of chronic brain disorders, including 84 with CVA, 55 with PD, and 30 with early dementia were enrolled. All patients had a comprehensive chart review, including brain disorder subtype, the period from diagnosis to VUDS, the VUDS parameters, and final LUTD.

Results

The mean age of patients was 69.2?±?10.5 years, and the interval from brain insult to VUDS was 61.3?±?49.7 months. Urodynamic detrusor overactivity (DO) was noted in 73.4% of patients, detrusor underactivity in 10.1%, and detrusor overactivity with detrusor underactivity in 16.6%. Bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) was noted in 60.9% of patients, including bladder neck dysfunction in 21.3%, urethral sphincter dysfunction in 42%, and prostatic obstruction in 10.1% of male patients. Urethral sphincter dysfunction was noted in 60% of patients with PD, 32.1% with CVA, and 36.7% with dementia (p?=?0.004). A low mean maximum flow rate increased post-void residual volume, and poor voiding efficiency was common in these patients, without significant differences among the subgroups.

Conclusions

Real-world VUDSs revealed that patients with chronic brain disorders not only had a high prevalence of DO but also impaired bladder contractility and a high rate of BOO at the level above the bladder neck and urethral sphincter.