In May 2018, the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommended prostate cancer (PCa) screening for ages 55–69 be an individual decision. This changed from the USPSTF's May 2012 recommendation against screening for all ages. The effects of the 2012 and 2018 updates on pathologic outcomes after prostatectomy are unclear.Methods
This study included 647 patients with PCa who underwent prostatectomy at our institution from 2005 to 2018. Patient groups were those diagnosed before the 2012 update (n?=?179), between 2012 and 2018 updates (n?=?417), and after the 2018 update (n?=?51). We analyzed changes in the age of diagnosis, pathologic Gleason grade group (pGS), pathologic stage, lymphovascular invasion (LVI), and favorable/unfavorable pathology. Multivariable logistic regression adjusting for pre-biopsy covariables (age, prostate-specific antigen [PSA], African American race, family history) assessed impacts of 2012 and 2018 updates on pGS and pathologic stage. A p? <?0.05 was statistically significant.Results
Median age increased from 60 to 63 (p?=?0.001) between 2012 and 2018 updates and to 64 after the 2018 update. A significant decrease in pGS1, pGS2, pT2, and favorable pathology (p?<?0.001), and a significant increase in pGS3, pGS4, pGS5, pT3a, and unfavorable pathology (p?<?0.001) was detected between 2012 and 2018 updates. There was no significant change in pT3b or LVI between 2012 and 2018 updates. On multivariable regression, diagnosis between 2012 and 2018 updates was significantly associated with pGS4 or pGS5 and pT3a (p?<?0.001). Diagnosis after the 2018 update was significantly associated with pT3a (p?=?0.005). Odds of pGS4 or pGS5 were 3.2× higher (p?<?0.001) if diagnosed between 2012 and 2018 updates, and 2.3× higher (p?=?0.051) if after the 2018 update. Odds of pT3a were 2.4× higher (p?<?0.001) if diagnosed between 2012 and 2018 updates and 2.9× higher (p?=?0.005) if after the 2018 update.Conclusions
The 2012 USPSTF guidelines negatively impacted pathologic outcomes after prostatectomy. Patients diagnosed between 2012 and 2018 updates had increased frequency of higher-risk PCa and lower frequency of favorable disease. In addition, data after the 2018 update demonstrate a continued negative impact on postprostatectomy pathology. Thus, further investigation of the long-term effects of the 2018 USPSTF update is warranted.